Mentoring young journalists covering the UNESCO WPFD 2019 events in Addis Ababa

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The Youth Times team that covered the UNESCO WPFD 2019 events in Addis May 1-3 pose for a picture with Jonathan Munro, Head of Newsgathering, BBC (Center with blue shirt) after a Q&A at UNECA. This feature originally appeared on http://www.youthtimes.info.

IT had been almost 2 decades since I worked in the busy newsroom of Uganda’s leading daily, the New Vision Corporation. That was way back in 2000, before I went for further studies in Norway and changed my professional life trajectory. So, when, this March, I was asked by my collegeue, also an academic, to join UNESCO organised World Press Freedom Day celebrtions in Addis Ababa as an academic mentor, I was justifiably nervous and apprehensive.RQ2A0044

Memories of a heated, noisy and open newsroom, bustling with news producers:editors, reporters, photojournalists, freelancers, visitors and complainants came streaming. The long days and late nights often punctuated with urgent calls in the wee hours of the night to get back to the newsroom to cover breaking news, gave me the shivers.RQ2A0111

It was a restless job, where one’s ears were always on the ground, where whatever you ate, drank, saw, felt or even dreamt had to have a journalistic interpretation. Nosy, was our middle name. As a journalist working for the leading daily, the ever-present understanding was that: It was easier to get to the top but very hard to stay there – as all the others worked knuckle-hard towards beating (and embarassing) us with: news scoops, interesting angles and better sales.

RQ2A0397RQ2A0180But that was not the worst of my fears. Back in 2000 when I was a sub-editor on the New Vision, Sports desk, we were at the dawn of the technological disruptions – Infact, on our desk lead by Louis Jadwong, were pioneers in the transition from analog to digital. Several intermediary jobs such as typesetters, proofreaders, etc were on their way out. Media convergence and multimedia platforms were budding to what today is a well established conglomerate (New Vision employs thousands in it’s roughly: 7 newspapers, 5 radio stations, 4 TV stations and several (e) magazines and other services).

Anyway, soon my apprehension to join the Addis Youth Newsroom, was slowly replaced with a strange sense of excitement and adventure – and a promise of a fast-paced, adrenalin pumped existence swept over me. But mostly, I looked forward to working in a multicultural newsroom, with different collaborators such as academics, young practicing journalists, students etc. I also looked forward to learning from and mentoring the young people in this era of technologically infused journalism.

From the offset, I understood from the UNESCO coordinators especially Soraide Rosario, that it was desirable to foster inclusive, transparent and effective processes around the Youth Newsroom. The aim was to open spaces and opportunities for young journalism students and practitioners to experience a ‘global newsroom’. as well as gain access, insights and practice in covering mainstream issues around press freedom while highlighting minority, thematic and national level  concerns, nuances and perspectives from around the world. RQ2A0112

Participants included; govenrment representatives, journalists, academics, students, advocacy groups, legislators, judiciary members, religious organizations, civil soceity organisations and more. We were all here to celebrate and remind ourselves about the fundamental principles of Freedom of the Press; assess the status of Freedom of the Press around the world; defend press freedom and honour and pay tribute to Journalists who have been killed, arrested and abused for doing their work. Thanks to the Ethiopian government, UNESCO and African Union for the support, about 2000 particiants graced the conference whose theme was: Media for Democracy: Journalism and Elections in Times of Disinformation”.

So, allocating and editing the young journalists’ stories offered me a broad range of insights: thematicall from: the role of cartoonists play in promoting peace and democracy, to understanding the pros and consequences of critical journalism – also manifested by the story of the jailed winners of the UNESCO Guilermo Award. I also gained insights into some of the dangers of disinformation as well as the double victimhood that female journalists face as well as the worrisom problem of impunity of several actors and governments who continue to abuse journalists’ fundamental human rights – rights ascribed by Article 19 of the universal declarations. Just as an example, on the very day of the WPFD, Ugandan regulator Uganda Communications Commission orderd the suspension of editors of broadcasters for their critical coverage of a budding opposition leader.

The lessons are inexhaustable.

Practically, i was humbled by the brave, pleasant, eager, driven and hard-working young journalists and the fact that I was honoured to work with them. Culturally, i witnessed the importance of being flexible to contextual influences and practices especially pertaining to culture – when working in multicultural contexts. Lucky for me, my colleages were some of the best people, one could work with: relaxed, friendly, professional and inclusive.RQ2A0348

A few tips for prospective students and mentors:

For young journalists/students:

  • Embrace and exploit the opportunity
  • Put the theory into practice
  • Be (pro)active and creative in your pursuit of fair, balanced and inclusive stories.
  • Ask the tough and critical questions when newsgathering.
  • Do your homework/reasearch to support your articles. Verify for accuracy, fairness and balance especially in this era of disinformation.
  • Build networks (of friends and future sources).
  • Prepare to adapt to and reflect multicultural influences, backgrounds and contexts.
  • Enjoy the experience!

For the prospective mentors/editors:

  • Prepare for multicultural influences and experiences: Prepare to adapt to and work with different cultures and for multicultural influences and backgrounds both from the teams and content.
  • Start early: Endevour to work with the team to start early – especially orientations to the location, platform orientation and job specifications.
  • Clear communication: It helps to have an overview, clarity in assigning duties and constant communication not just with teammates but also reporters.
  • Enjoy the experience: this is not a knuckle-hard newsroom, so do your best, inspire the youth, help them produce their ‘best works’, pat them on the back with each delivery, attend some of the events, network, be you – but mostly, enjoy the event and contribute to a thriving atmosphere.

Many thanks to UNESCO, UAA and NLA Univerity College and all partners for this positive experience.

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Why pinch when you can punch? The philosophy of a political cartoonist for peace

The Cartoonists for Peace network was created by Plantu

«If you can’t beat them, you laugh at them»

These were the words of a hardened political cartoonist Zunar (Zulkiflee Sm Anwar Ulhaque) from Malasia. According to Zunar, who has been jailed 5 times, banned from travel and has had 5 of his cartoon books banned among other trials and tribulations of being a government critic in Malaysia, «telling is not a gift, telling is a responsibility. It is my job to use cartoons to highlight bad governance».

Zunar was one of several members of the global network of ‘Cartoonists for peace[1]’ who honoured the Youth Times[2], the WPFD2019 Youth Newsroom, with a visit today at the UN Economic Commission for Africa. The Cartoonists for Peace delegation are attending the 2019 World Press Freedom Day events going on in Addis Ababa between 1-3 May. The WPFD events are organised by UNESCO, the Government of Ethiopia and the African Union under the theme “Media for Democracy: Journalism and Elections in Times of Disinformation”.  

The cartoonists will also exhibite their work at the African Union Headquarters in commemoration of the WPFD2019 celebrations.  

The cartoonists for peace network founded by Plantu, has about 184 members from around the world who, like Zunar, are using their pens and talents as powerful ‘subjective’ tools in the fight against oppression, inequality, bad governance and social injustice.

“It takes courage” Zunar shares, because in his line of business and hostile political context, ‘if you do not go to jail, you have not done your job’ – reflecting what research has shown to be particularly true for kleptocratic regimes and their low tolerance for political criticism.

The aim of political intimidation, harassment, imprisonment and even death is to create a chilling effect which ultimately ends in muffling press freedom, something Zunar articulates as the real enemy in the fight for democracy, he says; “jail is not the enemy, harassment is not the enemy, intimidation is not the enemy – the real enemy is self-censorship”.  

For his courageous and artistic expressions in defence of democracy, Zunar[3] has won several awards including  the 2016 Cartoonist for peace award; the Courage in Editorial Cartooning Award 2011 by the Cartoonist Right Network International and the Hellman/Hammett Award for 2011 and 2015 by Human Rights Watch and the International Press Freedom Waward by the Committee to protect Journalists in New York in 2015 among others.

Zunar (as do the other cartoonists) reminds and inspires us to laugh at them if we can’t beat them – despite the consequences but more importantly, as media practitioners, we need support structures or umbrella networks that are local, national and/or international to have our backs when we pick courage and do the laughing!


[1] https://www.cartooningforpeace.org/?lang=en

[2] https://youthtimes.info

[3] https://www.cartooningforpeace.org/dessinateurs/zunar/?lang=en

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3 Oscar wins for Black Panther cements the powerful gender statement

Find the film review that I wrote for the International Journal of Gender, Science and Technology (GST) here.

2 black women win 2 of 3 Oscars for Black Panther. BBC article here on the historic win for Black Panther here.

Black Panther becomes Marvel studios’ first Oscar Winner. Here.

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Innovation from a feminist perspective

NORDWIT

blog hildeInnovation, which is traditionally defined as any idea, practice, or object that is perceived as new by an individual or other unit of adoption, is a vital part of Nordwit research, as we aim to learn more about mechanisms supporting or working as obstacles for women’s careers in technology-driven research and innovation in and outside of academe. The focus in two sub-projects is on innovation systems as sites of study which consist of institutions and networks across public, private and knowledge sectors that have as one goal the promotion of activities related to research, development and innovation. In these sites of our bottom-up study, we meet and interview women as well as companies, institutions, funders and other relevant actors, that contribute to the innovation landscape. In this context we collect stories about women’s experiences, and we discuss challenges and strategies related to gender equality in the institutions.

From a feminist…

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Eternal moments and everyday violences: Motherhood

Sunset at Lamholmen, Southern Norway.

It is really a gift of life. An eternal moment. I am having them more frequently these days. This picture was taken by Marco during one of such moments. The moment when time itself is unhinged. Neither passing nor still. When ones focus is neither sharp nor blurred. You can hear, see, smell and feel everything and nothing.
Things seem to unravels out of their duality. You are neither here nor there. Not on land and not at sea or in the air. You are not happy per say and not unhappy either. Theres no past and no present. No good, no evil. Some would say its when «time stands still». It could last the period between a split second or longer, even much much longer – during such moments, the concepts of time and space are non-existent.
Like now, im watching the sunset, paddling, Makeba on my ear. At first my heartbeat matches the beating of her patapata drums. An eager sway follows each scoop of the salty water. There is no single soul out here, this is lovely … then im gone …. until baby Aleni’s screech from Gamlehytta, the family cabin, pierces the smooth evening breeze, disintegrating the moment… and I don’t know anymore how long i have been a sitting duck on these beautiful waters at Lamholmen. (Republished Facebook post).

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The imposter syndrom – The monster on my back!

Stop! Dont Move…

Internet image

“It’s right behind me, isn’t it?”

I felt a cold shiver run down my spine. The monster was back. My throat felt like a prison, my words wrapped and trapped in fear and inadequacy. You see, I know this feeling because it has happened many times before. Each time, I feel debilitated. Alone. Succumbed. I feel like a fraud, an imposter, a gate-crusher. I warn myself; I am not supposed to be here, and any time now, I am going to be unraveled. Also, I have noticed that such episodes proceed a success of some sort or a milestone; won a prize, a successful research grant, acclaimed publication, a Conference presentation spot and the like.

This time round, I just recieved the good news about a hefty and prestigious research grant, actually, the 6th in a row, and four months into my new job as an academic. The project is ambitious and impactful and it brings together a team of highly skilled experts with me as it’s team leader. At our usual staff lunches, my boss announces the good news, and she asks me to say something. Only, I can’t move, nor can I speak. Ladies and gentlemen, I am having an accute episode of the Imposter syndrom (IS).

Michelle Obama breaks the taboo around IS in her revealing 2018 bestseller.

Langford and Clance (1993) suggest that IS is the “psychological experience of believing that one’s accomplishments came about not through genuine ability, but as a result of having been lucky, having worked harder than others…”.
I first learnt of the phenomenon about one year ago during an academic women’s network meeting. In this Meeting, a female professor shared her experiences of the leaking pipeline and the awkward and sometimes unpleasant reality of being a sole female professional in a male dominated field. IS was a common occurance in her worklife but she had devised a defence mechanism, which I shared in an earlier blog. Since then, I have learnt, to my astonishment, that over 70% of the population experience IS (including pretty known names such as Emma Watson, Michelle Obama, Tom Hanks, etc). It happens to men, women, young and old and in all professions. It does not matters, that one is high perfomance, highly skilled and accomplished.

Anxiety, self-doubt, depression, unachieved dreams/potential and ultimately ‘leaking through the pipeline’ are some of the cited effects of IS. High expectations of oneself and grave made-up repurcussions of not meeting these expectations is key to understanding this phenomenon. IS can strike seldom or frequently: in new settings or new environment, particlualry academia; at the workplace but also in social interactions – romantic or social relationships, etc. The diagnosis in key studies on IS suggests 3 interrelated culprits for this insidious phenomenon: Upbringing, Personality and Culture:

Upbringing and family dynamics: IS studies in Psychology lay heavy significance on the family dynamics particluarly what happened along the way that makes someone susceptible to IS. Such studies and ‘treatment’ attempt to unveil the source and layers of self-doubt leading to the need to prove to others that they are bright. The advice here: is in self love and the ability to generate self-esteem from within oneself. Its really a shift to self rather than others as a responce to ones own learning needs. Recognize IS and call the imposter out. You are enough – says Lous Solomon in her TEDtalk on ‘The Surprising solution to the Imposter syndrom’.

Personality and perfectionism: It is also called the superwoman or superman mentality in which sufferers push themselves pretty hard in a bead to measure up to others’ approval and achnowledgement. Often such people are workaholics to the detriment of their sidelined passions or hobbies. For these soloists, intelligence is viewed as a stable trait and mistakes are believed to indicate personal failure and inadequacy. The advice here: Lower performance goals as the locus of self evaluation and reprogram the mind to the believe that it is okey to fail. Infact it is from failure that success sometimes emerges.

Socio-cultural baggage: Sexism, racism and classism have been implicated in IS cases. In fact, intersecting identities especially in academia and STEM fields are particularly incriminated especially if the identity is visible. (Some examples on race and gender in Tech). The keywords here are marginality, minority, isolation. It often is in untrodden paths with a shortage of role models to pave the way and shin a torch. So then the combination of isolation, persistent (hegemonic feminist) stereotypes, culture of silence and shame, lack of role models coupled with IS’ insidious nature makes women more susceptible than men. The comparative studies behind these asssertions suggest that men suffering from IS cope better because they are backed by hegemonic patriarchal cultures and the subsequent comfort in numbers. The advise here would be the slogan ‘I am enough’. It will be okey. Speak up! This, in addition to (in the longer term anyway) finding peers, associations, mentors to help navigate the less or uncharted path.

So, yes, I am enough. Failure is good (sometimes). I am smart and it is okey to NOT know everthing. So, get off my back monster!

Some interesting materials

Harvey, J. C. (1981). The impostor phenomenon and achievement: A failure to internalize success. (Doctoral dissertation, Temple University, 1981). Dissertation Abstracts International, 42, 4969B

Langford, Joe; Clance, Pauline Rose (1993). “The impostor phenomenon: recent research findings regarding dynamics, personality and family patterns and their implications for treatment” (PDF). Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training. 30 (3): 495–501

Clance, Pauline R.; Imes, Suzanne A. (1978). The Impostor Phenomenon in High Achieving Women: Dynamics and Therapeutic Intervention” (PDF). Psychotherapy Theory, Research and Practice. 15 (3).

Cokley, K; McClain, S; Enciso, A and Martinez, M. (2013) An Examination if the Impact of Minority Status Stress and Impostor Feelings on the Mental Health of Diverse Ethnic Minority College Students. Journal of Multicultural Counselling and Development. 41, 82-95.

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PROJECT GRANT NEWS: Parenting in the digital age: empowering digital migrant families in Norway with resources and skills for videogame regulation

READY FOR THE JOURNEY: NLA’s Bjørg and Carol are part of a team of highly competent researchers.

We have just been honoured with research funds from The Norwegian Media Authority in conjunction with the Lottery Authority and SPILLFORSK (Videogame Research Authority) to pursue Action Research on video game regulation. The research focusing on non-western families across Norway will commence with needs assessment and wind with concret resources and skill on regulating video games.

The Research consortium, that also includes 2 NGOs working with immigrant familes and related activities includes researchers from 3 miljø: Carol Azungi Dralega (PhD) Coordinating; Bjørg Marit Nyjordet (PhD stipendiat) NLA Mediehøgskolen Kristiansand; Gilda Seddighi (PhD); Hilde G. Corneliussen (PhD) Vestlandsforsking; Lin Prøitz (PhD) UiO.

While cognisant of the many positives of video games, the project will help parents and youth by raising awareness and developing skills to effectively handle the negatives.

Forebygging mot problemspilling blant ikke-vestlig ungdom: Et samarbeidsprosjekt med familien i fokus

Sammendrag

Dette forsknings- og utviklingsprosjektet (FoU) har som mål å bidra til forebyggende kunnskap og løsning mot dataspillproblemer blant ikke-vestlig ungdom og familier i Norge gjennom: a) å kartlegge behovet, og b) utvikle konkrete tiltak, i c) samarbeid med aktuelle aktører.

Prosjektet bygger på resultater fra to tidligere RAM-finansierte undersøkelser om dataspill med fokus på ungdommer, og i et familieperspektiv. Ved hjelp av aksjonsforskning vil prosjektet, i dialog med aktørene, utvikle langsiktige og målrettede løsninger med ikke-vestlig ungdom og deres familier som utgangspunkt.

 Mer på nla.no

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